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Oracle索引组织表学习系列二

作者: | 分类:Experience, INDEX, Oracle | Tag:, , | 评论:0 
字号:T|T

4 索引组织表(IOT Index-Organized Table)适用什么场景

       在上一篇文章里,提到了IOT表的基本概念和创建的一些注意事项,接下来讨论一下关于IOT表和Heap使用的一个测试对比,用以说明IOT表适用于什么场景。

1 构建一个主表emp表:

[oracle@oracle11g arch_new]$ sqlplus 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Nov 15 10:15:19 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> conn hr/hr
Connected.
SQL> create table emp
  2  as
  3  select object_id empno,
  4  object_name ename,
  5  created hiredate,
  6  owner job
  7  from all_objects
  8  ;

Table created.

SQL> select count(*) from emp;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     55636

SQL> alter table emp add constraint emp_pk primary key(empno);

Table altered.

SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(user,'EMP',cascade=>true);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> 

 

2  构建一张子表,子表分别通过Heap和IOT两种方式来实现:

构建Heap类型子表

SQL> create table heap_addresses
  2  ( empno references emp(empno) on delete cascade,
  3  addr_type varchar2(10),
  4  street varchar2(20),
  5  city varchar2(20),
  6  state varchar2(2),
  7  zip number,
  8  primary key (empno,addr_type)
  9  );

Table created.

SQL> 

构建IOT类型子表

SQL> create table iot_addresses
  2  ( empno references emp(empno) on delete cascade,
  3  addr_type varchar2(10),
  4  street varchar2(20),
  5  city varchar2(20),
  6  state varchar2(2),
  7  zip number,
  8  primary key (empno,addr_type)
  9  )
 10  ORGANIZATION INDEX
 11  ;

Table created.

SQL> 

3  分别向两种子表里构造数据,插入WORK,HOME,ORIGINAL,SCHOOL地址:

Heap类型子表插入

SQL> insert into heap_addresses
  2  select empno, 'WORK', '123 main street', 'Washington', 'DC', 20123
  3  from emp;

55636 rows created.

SQL> insert into heap_addresses
  2  select empno, 'HOME', '123 main street', 'Washington', 'DC', 20123
  3  from emp;

55636 rows created.

SQL> insert into heap_addresses
  2  select empno, 'ORIGINAL', '123 main street', 'Washington', 'DC', 20123
  3  from emp;

55636 rows created.

SQL> insert into heap_addresses
  2  select empno, 'SCHOOL', '123 main street', 'Washington', 'DC', 20123
  3  from emp;

55636 rows created.

SQL> select count(*) from heap_addresses;

  COUNT(*)
----------
    222544

SQL> 

IOT类型子表插入

SQL> insert into iot_addresses
  2  select empno, 'WORK', '123 main street', 'Washington', 'DC', 20123
  3  from emp;

55636 rows created.

SQL> insert into iot_addresses
  2  select empno, 'HOME', '123 main street', 'Washington', 'DC', 20123
  3  from emp;

55636 rows created.

SQL> insert into iot_addresses
  2  select empno, 'ORIGINAL', '123 main street', 'Washington', 'DC', 20123
  3  from emp;

55636 rows created.

SQL> insert into iot_addresses
  2  select empno, 'SCHOOL', '123 main street', 'Washington', 'DC', 20123
  3  from emp;

55636 rows created.

SQL> select count(*) from iot_addresses;

  COUNT(*)
----------
    222544

SQL> 

4 分别收集两种子表的统计信息

SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(user,'HEAP_ADDRESSES');

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(user,'IOT_ADDRESSES');

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> 

5 对比使用不同类型的子表,SQL的执行计划

SQL> set line 200
SQL> set autot trace
SQL> select *
  2  from emp, heap_addresses
  3  where emp.empno = heap_addresses.empno
  4  and emp.empno = 100;


Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 541875893

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                    | Name           | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT             |                |     4 |   368 |     8   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  NESTED LOOPS                |                |     4 |   368 |     8   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   2 |   TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| EMP            |     1 |    45 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  3 |    INDEX UNIQUE SCAN         | EMP_PK         |     1 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   4 |   TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| HEAP_ADDRESSES |     4 |   188 |     6   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  5 |    INDEX RANGE SCAN          | SYS_C00138141  |     4 |       |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   3 - access("EMP"."EMPNO"=100)
   5 - access("HEAP_ADDRESSES"."EMPNO"=100)


Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
         11  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
       1351  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        523  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          4  rows processed

SQL> 
SQL> select *
  2  from emp, iot_addresses
  3  WHERE emp.empno = iot_addresses.empno
  4  and emp.empno = 100;


Execution Plan
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 1475200359

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                    | Name               | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT             |                    |     4 |   368 |     4   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  NESTED LOOPS                |                    |     4 |   368 |     4   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   2 |   TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| EMP                |     1 |    45 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  3 |    INDEX UNIQUE SCAN         | EMP_PK             |     1 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  4 |   INDEX RANGE SCAN           | SYS_IOT_TOP_184800 |     4 |   188 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   3 - access("EMP"."EMPNO"=100)
   4 - access("IOT_ADDRESSES"."EMPNO"=100)


Statistics
----------------------------------------------------------
          1  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
          8  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
       1351  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        523  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          4  rows processed

SQL> 

6 小结:通过分析上述2条“几乎”完全相同的SQL语句的执行计划,我们可以看到:

        对于第1个SQL(子表通过Heap来实现),首先通过EMP_PK这个主键来访问主表EMP,得到主表的行记录,然后通过得到的主键EMPNO字段来访问子表HEAP_ADDRESS,通过子表HEAP_ADDRESS的索引SYS_C00138141来获取子表记录。整个SQL耗费了11次内存读,COST为8。

        而对于第2个SQL(子表通过IOT来实现),首先通过EMP_PK这个主键来访问主表EMP,得到主表的行记录,然后直接通过EMPNO字段来访问子表IOT_ADDRESS,而EMPNO字段同时也是子表IOT_ADDRESS的主键字段,这样通过IOT表的主键字段来访问数据就非常快了。整个SQL耗费8次内存读,COST为4,是第1条SQL的1/2。

IOT表适用的场景:

① 应用中有完全由主键字段构成的表;

②  应用中有只会通过主键来访问数据的表;

③  希望数据以某种特定顺序存储的表;

IOT表不适用于使用非主键字段来查询数据。

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文章标题:Oracle索引组织表学习系列二
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