您好,欢迎光临! 请 |

一步一步在Linux上安装Oracle 11gR2 RAC (5)

作者: | 分类:Oracle, RAC | Tag:, | 评论:3 
字号:T|T

安装Grid Infrastructure

从此步骤开始,我们正式安装Grid软件:

① 以grid用户登录图形界面,执行/home/grid/grid/runInstaller,进入OUI的图形安装界面:

 

② 进入OUI安装界面后,选择第3项,跳过软件更新,Next

③ 选择集群的Grid InfrastructureNext

④ 选择 advanced InstallationNext

⑤ 语言选择默认,EnglishNext

⑥ 去掉Configure GNS选项,按照之前2.1节中的表格输入Cluster Name:scan-cluster,SCAN Namescan-cluster.localdomainNext

 单击Add,添加第2个节点,Next

⑧ 确认网络接口,Next

⑨ 选择ASM,作为存储,Next

 

 输入ASM磁盘组名,这里命名为GRIDDG,冗余策略选择External外部,AU大小选择默认1MASM磁盘选择VOL1VOL2Next

 选择给ASMSYSASMSNMP用户配置为相同的口令,并输入口令,Next

 选择不使用IPMINext

 给ASM指定不同的组,Next

    

 选择GRID软件的安装路径,其中ORACLE_BASE,ORACLE_HOME均选择之前已经配置好的,可参照2.5节中的配置信息。这里需要注意GRID软件的ORACLE_HOME不能是ORACLE_BASE的子目录。

 选择默认的InventoryNext

⑯ 检查出现告警,提示在所有节点上缺失cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1软件包。

可以选择忽略,直接进入下一步安装。也可以从grid安装文件的rpm目录下获取该RPM包,然后进行安装。

node1

 

[root@node1 rpm]# pwd

/home/grid/grid/rpm

[root@node1 rpm]# ll

total 12

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 8551 Sep 22  2011 cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm

[root@node1 rpm]# rpm -ivh cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm 

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

Using default group oinstall to install package

   1:cvuqdisk               ########################################### [100%]

[root@node1 rpm]# 

node2

 

[root@node2 ~]# ll

total 96

-rw------- 1 root root  1371 Apr 20 14:48 anaconda-ks.cfg

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 Apr 26 11:20 asm_rpm

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  8551 Apr 27 09:27 cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 51256 Apr 20 14:48 install.log

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  4077 Apr 20 14:48 install.log.syslog

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 Apr 24 10:45 shell

[root@node2 ~]# export CVUQDISK_GRP=oinstall

[root@node2 ~]# rpm -ivh cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm 

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

   1:cvuqdisk               ########################################### [100%]

[root@node2 ~]# 

在所有节点上安装完cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1软件后,重新执行预检查,不再有警告信息。

⑰ 进入安装GRID安装之前的概要信息,Install进行安装:

⑱ 根据提示以root用户分别在两个节点上执行脚本:

执行/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh脚本:

node1:

[root@node1 ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh 

Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.

Adding read,write permissions for group.

Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

 

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.

The execution of the script is complete.

[root@node1 ~]#

node2

[root@node2 ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh 

Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.

Adding read,write permissions for group.

Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

 

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.

The execution of the script is complete.

[root@node2 ~]# 

执行/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh脚本:

node1

[root@node1 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root

root.sh         rootupgrade.sh  

[root@node1 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh 

Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g 

 

The following environment variables are set as:

    ORACLE_OWNER= grid

    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

 

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 

   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...

   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

 

 

Creating /etc/oratab file...

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params

Creating trace directory

OLR initialization - successful

  root wallet

  root wallet cert

  root cert export

  peer wallet

  profile reader wallet

  pa wallet

  peer wallet keys

  pa wallet keys

  peer cert request

  pa cert request

  peer cert

  pa cert

  peer root cert TP

  profile reader root cert TP

  pa root cert TP

  peer pa cert TP

  pa peer cert TP

  profile reader pa cert TP

  profile reader peer cert TP

  peer user cert

  pa user cert

Adding Clusterware entries to inittab

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'node1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'node1' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'node1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'node1' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'node1'

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'node1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'node1' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'node1' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'node1'

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'node1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'node1' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'node1' succeeded

 

ASM created and started successfully.

 

Disk Group GRIDDG created successfully.

 

clscfg: -install mode specified

Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.

Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..

Operation successful.

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

Successful addition of voting disk 9516d145c0254f9ebf50064a6a916182.

Successfully replaced voting disk group with +GRIDDG.

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------

 1. ONLINE   9516d145c0254f9ebf50064a6a916182 (ORCL:VOL1) [GRIDDG]

Located 1 voting disk(s).

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'node1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'node1' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.GRIDDG.dg' on 'node1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.GRIDDG.dg' on 'node1' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.registry.acfs' on 'node1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.registry.acfs' on 'node1' succeeded

Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded

[root@node1 ~]# 

node2

[root@node2 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh 

Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g 

 

The following environment variables are set as:

    ORACLE_OWNER= grid

    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

 

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 

   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...

   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

 

 

Creating /etc/oratab file...

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params

Creating trace directory

OLR initialization - successful

Adding Clusterware entries to inittab

CRS-4402: The CSS daemon was started in exclusive mode but found an active CSS daemon on node node1, 

number 1, and is terminating

An active cluster was found during exclusive startup, restarting to join the cluster

Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded

[root@node2 ~]# 

此时,集群件相关的服务已经启动。当然,ASM实例也将在两个节点上启动。

[root@node1 ~]# su - grid

node1-> crs_stat -t

Name           Type           Target    State     Host        

------------------------------------------------------------

ora.GRIDDG.dg  ora....up.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora....N1.lsnr ora....er.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora.asm        ora.asm.type   ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora.cvu        ora.cvu.type   ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora.gsd        ora.gsd.type   OFFLINE   OFFLINE               

ora....network ora....rk.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora....SM1.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora.node1.gsd  application    OFFLINE   OFFLINE               

ora.node1.ons  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora.node1.vip  ora....t1.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora....SM2.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node2       

ora.node2.gsd  application    OFFLINE   OFFLINE               

ora.node2.ons  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    node2       

ora.node2.vip  ora....t1.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node2       

ora.oc4j       ora.oc4j.type  ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora.ons        ora.ons.type   ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora....ry.acfs ora....fs.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

ora.scan1.vip  ora....ip.type ONLINE    ONLINE    node1       

node1-> 

⑲ 执行完上述脚本之后,单击OKNext,进入下一步。

 最后,单击close,完成GRID软件在双节点上的安装。

 

至此,GRID集群件安装成功!!!

顶一下
(8)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%

原创内容,转载时请保留原文信息:
文章标题:一步一步在Linux上安装Oracle 11gR2 RAC (5)
↑上一篇↑:
↓下一篇↓:

3 篇回应 (访客:3 篇, 博主:0 篇)

  1. shinhwakd 2012-29-09

    请问附录在哪里

    #-49楼
  2. 若水三千 2014-9-11

    黄伟老师:我安装grid cluster时,执行orainstRoot.sh 脚本报错是咋回事
    在节点1执行:
    [root@node1 grid cluster]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
    Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
    Adding read,write permissions for group.
    Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

    Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
    The execution of the script is complete.
    [root@node1 grid cluster]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
    [root@node1 grid cluster]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh
    Running Oracle 11g root.sh script…

    The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME= /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

    Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:
    Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin …
    Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin …
    Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin …

    Creating /etc/oratab file…
    Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
    Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
    Finished running generic part of root.sh script.
    Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
    2014-11-08 21:29:20: Parsing the host name
    2014-11-08 21:29:20: Checking for super user privileges
    2014-11-08 21:29:20: User has super user privileges
    Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
    Creating trace directory
    LOCAL ADD MODE
    Creating OCR keys for user ‘root’, privgrp ‘root’..
    Operation successful.
    root wallet
    root wallet cert
    root cert export
    peer wallet
    profile reader wallet
    pa wallet
    peer wallet keys
    pa wallet keys
    peer cert request
    pa cert request
    peer cert
    pa cert
    peer root cert TP
    profile reader root cert TP
    pa root cert TP
    peer pa cert TP
    pa peer cert TP
    profile reader pa cert TP
    profile reader peer cert TP
    peer user cert
    pa user cert
    Adding daemon to inittab
    CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
    ohasd is starting
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.diskmon’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.diskmon’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.ctssd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.ctssd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded

    ASM created and started successfully.

    DiskGroup GRIDDG created successfully.

    clscfg: -install mode specified
    Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.
    Creating OCR keys for user ‘root’, privgrp ‘root’..
    Operation successful.
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.crsd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.crsd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-4256: Updating the profile
    Successful addition of voting disk 620b37441a054f24bf4166ba796e38fb.
    Successfully replaced voting disk group with +GRIDDG.
    CRS-4256: Updating the profile
    CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced
    ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group
    — —– —————– ——— ———
    1. ONLINE 620b37441a054f24bf4166ba796e38fb (ORCL:VOL1) [GRIDDG]
    Located 1 voting disk(s).
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.crsd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.crsd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.asm’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.asm’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.ctssd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.ctssd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.diskmon’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.diskmon’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.ctssd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.ctssd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.asm’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.asm’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.crsd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.crsd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.evmd’ on ‘node1’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.evmd’ on ‘node1’ succeeded
    Timed out waiting for the CRS stack to start.

    在节点2执行:
    [root@node2 oracle]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh
    Running Oracle 11g root.sh script…

    The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME= /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

    Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:
    Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin …
    Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin …
    Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin …

    Creating /etc/oratab file…
    Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
    Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
    Finished running generic part of root.sh script.
    Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
    2014-11-08 22:56:38: Parsing the host name
    2014-11-08 22:56:38: Checking for super user privileges
    2014-11-08 22:56:38: User has super user privileges
    Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
    Creating trace directory
    LOCAL ADD MODE
    Creating OCR keys for user ‘root’, privgrp ‘root’..
    Operation successful.
    Adding daemon to inittab
    CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
    ohasd is starting
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2674: Start of ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node2’ failed
    CRS-2679: Attempting to clean ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2681: Clean of ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-5802: Unable to start the agent process
    CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.diskmon’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2676: Start of ‘ora.diskmon’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2674: Start of ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node2’ failed
    CRS-2679: Attempting to clean ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2681: Clean of ‘ora.cssd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.diskmon’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.diskmon’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.cssdmonitor’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.gpnpd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.mdnsd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-2673: Attempting to stop ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node2’
    CRS-2677: Stop of ‘ora.gipcd’ on ‘node2’ succeeded
    CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.
    Command return code of 1 (256) from command: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl start resource ora.ctssd -init
    Start of resource “ora.ctssd -init” failed
    Clusterware exclusive mode start of resource ora.ctssd failed
    CRS-2500: Cannot stop resource ‘ora.crsd’ as it is not running
    CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.
    Command return code of 1 (256) from command: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl stop resource ora.crsd -init
    Stop of resource “ora.crsd -init” failed
    Failed to stop CRSD
    CRS-2500: Cannot stop resource ‘ora.asm’ as it is not running
    CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.
    Command return code of 1 (256) from command: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl stop resource ora.asm -init
    Stop of resource “ora.asm -init” failed
    Failed to stop ASM
    Initial cluster configuration failed. See /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/cfgtoollogs/crsconfig/rootcrs_node2.log for details

    #-48楼
  3. yefan08 2015-15-09

    老师,我执行/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh也出错,而且我在安装到⑩步时,无法自动发现ASM磁盘。。希望能帮助解疑,谢谢!@

    #-47楼

插入图片

NOTICE1:请申请gravatar头像,没有头像的评论可能不会被回复|头像相关帮助!